The Gull-Herring Saga Continues at Red River

Ever since my visit to the Brewster herring run I’ve had my eye out for “gull gatherings” at our local runs.

The other morning as I was driving by my home beach I heard the gulls overhead, and out of the corner of my eye I thought I saw flashes of sunlit wings up the tiny Red River creek.

Sure enough, the herring were running and the gulls were arriving for breakfast.

Lining up, to wait.

Now years ago, our tiny herring run at Red River had posted the same “No Fishing” signs as the Brewster run.

But you can’t tell the gulls that.

They wait all year for the herring…

As sure as some wait for that first basket of fish ‘n chips at our local clam shacks here on the Cape.

Herring gulls will always be the surest signposts telling us where and when the fish are running.

Order UP!  😉

The Brewster Herring Run – Revisiting a Childhood Memory

Every spring, Dad took us kids to the herring run at Stony Brook in Brewster.

This year, I got the chance to break away from Derby hat orders and drop by the old familiar Gristmill.

It had been years since I’d taken that left fork at the flashing light off 6A and followed the winding road down to the falls.

It was just as I remembered it.

The old waterwheel…

The new spring flowers just coming into full bloom…

The smell of the water…

I could hear the water calling to me as I crossed the road and followed the path down to the falls; my heart was racing just like when I was a little girl.

Once again I was struck by the sound of the water spilling down over the rocks at each descending level of the falls. It still seemed magical.

Suddenly I spotted a herring leaping up the falls, and then another, and another, going single file against the current, while others continued to swim in the waiting pools; each fish gathering strength as it awaited its chance to tackle the next stage of the ascent.

Some spots were better for photographing the herring than others.

Yet the colors of the herring in the watery world below were mesmerizing. A combination of Monet’s plein air compositions with Gustav Klimmt’s “Golden Phase” color palette.

I marveled at the physical effort of making it upstream through this series of waterfalls, and  also how strange it must feel for these fish who are so used to swimming in circular “schools” in Cape Cod Bay all their lives now faced with a journey that was in many ways a solitary one as they had slowly made their way through the long tidal marsh and finally up the falls, fighting their way upstream.

Back when I was little, I can remember people with their nets and their buckets, eager to see how many they could catch.

Over the years the diminishing numbers in herring populations put a stop to the herring harvests.

The fish counter indicated that nearly 18,000 fish had made it up 26 waterfalls to the pond above since April 2nd; a small fraction of the numbers that would have made it through in the past with 18th century records showing upwards of 300,000 in a single year!

Yet human beings are far from the only ones who await the arrival of the herring in spring.

The herring gulls come early in the mornings and late in the evenings to feed, camping out for weeks at nearby tidal marshes and adjacent ponds until about mid-June.

Flying overhead, calling loudly, the gulls swoop down and take their positions along the falls.

There seemed to be a definite “pecking order” for who got the best spots along the rocks and fences.

Yet how long any individual gull held onto any given spot seemed to depend totally on their determination to defend it — until another gull came along who wanted it more!

Some gulls can be extremely verbal, determined to get to the fish first with intimidating cries…

And aggressive shoving and wing flapping.

Yet this was a familiar battle, one these gulls knew all too well.

And it was a battle that each and every one of them was determined to win.

Whenever one of them would catch a herring…

Diving head first into the water and grappling with the twisting fish…

They would quickly take it to shore to swallow it whole, head first, before another could come to steal it.

Still, not everyone at the Mill was engaged in this same life-and-death struggle, seeing it as an opportunity to preen and take a morning snooze.

As I reached the top of the falls I came to the mouth of the pond, the final crossing for each successful herring.

Here, the noisy rush of the falls had been left far behind and each fish had reached its destination at last to spawn where a new season of herring would soon get their chance to make the return trip as “minnows” back down the falls, through the tidal marsh and on to Cape Cod Bay.

As a kid I knew nothing about the precarious lives of the herring at the Brewster run.

I didn’t know that even for those who make it to the ponds to spawn, the next stages in their lives are no easier. Suckerfish (who consume many of the eggs) are soon followed by eels, larger fish, ospreys, night herons and gulls who are waiting for them with big appetites for these growing schools of “minnows” making their descent to the sea.

The fishermen out in the Bay are also part of what makes the herring’s life precarious, as their wide nets unintentionally sweep up some of the herring as “bycatch”.

Yet despite all the dangers the herring face and the many obstacles they must overcome, I came away feeling inspired by their incredible perseverance, their sheer will to survive.

Revisiting the herring run had rekindled some wonderful childhood memories of this dramatic and yes, still magical harbinger of spring and made me appreciate this age-old struggle for life more than ever before.